Getting the Most Out of the Type Code

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® self-report assessment was developed by Isabel Myers to help individuals find their best-fit type. In order to develop the assessment, the J-P dichotomy was added. Now the four-letter type code that results from her work has become a standard for referring to the 16 types no matter how you arrive at determining the best-fit.  more »

Adult Development and Typological Look-Alikes

For many years, I scoffed at the idea of stages of adult development as being artificial and somewhat arrogant, as if one who is more developed is better than others at earlier stages. I observed development in the physical realm and these did not bother me in the same way as in the psychological/personality realm.  more »

Best-Fit Type Self Discovery With or Without Using An Assessment such as the MBTI® instrument

In my eighteen years of introducing individuals, teams, leaders and organizations to the rich theory of personality type, I have explored using the Interstrength Self-Discovery process both with the MBTI® assessment tool and without.

Overall I have found that using the Self-Discovery process without an assessment works better for me for the following reasons:  more »

Agendas for Change

Connections have been made to temperament and change in Donna Dunning’s book, Quick Guide to the Four Temperaments and Change 3.0 and these really make sense to me. I’ve been puzzling over what the Interaction Styles model would predict about change.  Then it hit me…the movement tendency that is favored by each Interaction Style would give us some insight.  more »

Temperament -- Frequently Asked Question's

Interactive Personalities


Have you played the Sims™ or enjoyed other computer games with virtual characters you can interact with? I am using virtual characters to explore personality. Mainly, I observe college students talking to and programming two characters named Truman and Olivia. This is a novel approach to exploring personality. The programmer sets up a character’s personality, then observes how others interact with the character. There are plenty of type-related patterns that match up.  more »

Personality Assesment - Instruments and Feedback


Various models look at personality differences for the purposes of career decisions, life planning, job assignment and team building. Most personality assessment is done through self-report with individual response to items varying according to mind set, vocabulary, life experience, culture and so on. The usefulness of the model is determined by the accuracy of both the model and the instrument used. If the instrument and the resulting descriptions do not accurately describe the individual, the model will be rejected.  more »

Relationship of Temperament to Jung's Types and to the MBTI®


Temperament is frequently used in conjunction with the MBTI. Historically speaking, the work of Isabel Myers took place independent of the work of David Keirsey, even though much of their work was done during some of the same time frame. During World War II, Myers sought to create a self-report instrument that would allow Carl Jung’s theories of psychological types to help end human suffering and to help people choose work that better suited their natures.  more »

Into the Next Century—Temperament Evolution


Organizations have become increasingly desperate to find new ways to improve their adaptability to change.  And the rate of change will only accelerate. The world has been flattened, we are a global, interconnected network and must interact with diverse sets of individuals, groups and communities.  The models we use to try to assist organizations in this complex global environment therefore need to have built-in flexibility so they can grow and change—as everything does.  more »

How to tell iNtuiting from extraverted Sensing


Over the last four years, in the MBTI® Qualifying Programs, advanced programs and elsewhere, we found a disproportionate number of people who had reported preferences for the iNtuiting process while their behaviors seemed to resemble the Artisan-SP temperament pattern. This raised some questions such as: What is the relationship between temperament and Jung's typology? Can someone have one type and a different temperament? If not, what is going on here?  more »